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Assistant Professor


Keywords: Glass, Cast glass, Glass structures, Glass in restoration, Topologically Optimized Glass Components, Glass bricks, Glass recycling, Design for disassembly, Structural Design, glass innovation


Dr. ir. Faidra (Phaedra) Oikonomopoulou is a Researcher & Lecturer at the Structural Design & Mechanics Group in the Faculty of Architecture at TU Delft. Her research focuses on structural glass and particularly on innovative structural applications of cast glass components and on the design of full-glass load-bearing structures and components. She is involved as a tutor in the MSc of Building Technology, in courses such as Technoledge Structural Design and SWAT, she is a structural design consultant for MSc Students of Architecture and a mentor in multiple MSc graduation thesis focusing on structural glass. 

Faidra holds two MSc degrees, in Architectural Engineering by the National Technical University of Athens (NTUA) and in Building Technology by TU Delft. In 2019 she completed her PhD at TU Delft on the topic of “Unveiling the Third Dimension of Glass. Solid Cast Glass Components and Assemblies for Structural Applications”, focusing on the design, development, prototyping and experimental validation of building systems utilizing solid cast glass components. 

Faidra has been one of the lead researchers involved in the research, development and construction of the Crystal Houses Façade in Amsterdam. As part of the research team of the Crystal Houses she has received multiple awards, including the Outstanding Innovation Award 2016 by the Society of Façade Engineers, the Glass Award for Innovation 2016 by Bouwend Nederland,  and the Talent met Toekomst 2017. She has been further involved in several structural glass projects such as the Crystal Houses façade, the bundled glass column and a robotically assembled glass-brick vault and has initiated research in topics such as restoration of historic monuments by glass, Re3 Glass, and Topological Optimization of Cast Glass Structural Components. Her research work on structural cast glass has been exhibited in several international fairs and exhibitions, such as the Dutch Design Week, the Venice Design, the Salone del Mobile and the Vitra Design Museum. Faidra has received several grants, awards and nominations for her research work and has given multiple invited talks in universities, companies and institutions in Europe and USA.

Selected Publications

  • Haldimann, M., Luible, A., Overend, M. Structural Use of Glass. International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering IABSE, Zürich. May 2008. ISBN 978-3-85748-119-2.

  • Loonen R. C.G.M., Favoino F., Hensen J.L.M. & Overend M. (2017): Review of current status, requirements and opportunities for building performance simulation of adaptive facades, Journal of Building Performance Simulation, DOI: 10.1080/19401493.2016.1152303.

  • Favoino F., Overend M., Jin Q., The optimal thermo-optical properties and energy saving potential of adaptive glazing technologies, Applied Energy, Volume 156, 15 October 2015, Pages 1–15.

  • Overend M, Jin Q, Watson J. 'The selection and performance of adhesives for a steel–glass connection'. International Journal of Adhesion & Adhesives, Volume 31, Issue 7, 587-597, 2011.

  • Overend M, Zammit K. 'A computer algorithm for determining the tensile strength of float glass'. Engineering Structures 45, 68–77, 2012.

  • Favoino F., Francesco Fiorito F., Cannavale A., Ranzi G., Overend M. Optimal control and performance of photovoltachromic switchable glazing for building integration in temperate climates.Applied Energy, Volume 178, 15 Sept 2016, Pages 943–961.

  • Overend M., DeGaetano S. & Haldimann M. Diagnostic interpretation of glass failure, Structural Engineering International, IABSE, Vol. 17 (2), p151-158, 2007. 

  • Jin Q, Overend M, Thompson P. 'Towards productivity indicators for performance-based facade design in commercial buildings'. International Journal of Building and Environment, Volume 57, 271-281, 2012.

  • Overend M, Parke G.A.R. & Buhagiar D. ‘A General Crack Growth Model for Predicting Failure in Glass’, Journal of Structural Eng., ASCE. Volume 133, Issue 8, 1146-1155, 2007.

  • Jin Q., Overend M., Sensitivity of facade performance on early-stage design variables. Energy and Buildings 77 (2014) 457-466.

TU Delft Research Profile

Selected Research Projects

FRP sandwich panel connections for free form building envelopes

MATELab Adaptive Technologies Laboratory

Liquid resin connections for glass structures

FRP-Glass Composite Structures

Façade Impulse

Adaptive Façades Research Network

European Research Network on Structural Glass

Structural connections for UHPFRC panels

Optimal Manufacturability of Façades

Design & Performance of Cold-Bent Glass

Bi-toughened glass

Steel-Glass composite structures

Computational simulation of smart façades

Durability of FRP sandwich panels

Switchable thermal insulation

Post-fracture performance of glass

Wind loading on glass facades

Novel glass-to-metal and glass-to-glass structural joints

Multi-objective optimisation of glazed facades

Integrated Design and Construction of Façades


Technoledge Structural Design


Research & Innovation
Bend & Break: Form & Force

Selected Awards

Elected to Façade Tectonics Institute College of Fellows (2016)
EPSRC Bright Ideas Award (2014)
IABSE Prize, International Association of Bridge and Structural Engineers (2013)
IStructE Research Award, Institution of Structural Engineers (2012)
Guthrie Brown Medal, Institution of Structural Engineers (2011)
Midland Counties Branch Prize, Institution of Structural Engineers (2008)
Pai Lin Li Award, Institution of Structural Engineers (2008)
Young Engineers’ Research Conference, Institution of Structural Engineers (2000)
Young Engineers’ Int. Design Completion, Institution of Structural Engineers (1999

External Workshops

2018 TU Delft Cast Glass Workshop: Mould making and kiln-casting of structural glass components, Challenging Glass 6 Conference,

Organizer, Instructor
2018 Technoledge Structural Design & Design Informatics Special Edition: Prototyping a Glass Structure - Glass Sandwich Floor, TU Delft

Organizer, Instructor 

2017 Technoledge Structural Design & Design Informatics Special Edition: Prototyping a Glass Structure -  Optimized Float Glass Structure, TU Delft

Organizer, Instructor



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